Academic Writing – Journal Articles & Equivalent

Geoengineering Wars and Atmospheric Governance, 66 Harvard International Law Journal (forthcoming, 2025).

Drops in the Ocean: The Power of Rights-Based Climate Change Litigation, 56 Case Western Reserve J. Int’l L. (2024).

Economic Sanctions Under International Law: A Guide for Canadian Policy, Rideau Institute and the Human Rights Research and Education Centre, University of Ottawa: Research Report (2021).

Atmospheric Intervention: Climate Change and the Jus ad Bellum Regime, 45 Columbia J. Env. L. 331 (2020).

Challenging and Refining the “Unwilling or Unable” Doctrine, 52 Vanderbilt J. Trans. L. 245 (2019).

Striking the Right Balance: Hate Speech Laws in Japan, the United States, and Canada, 45 Hastings Const. L.Q. 455 (2018).

Change It to Save It: Why and How to Amend Article 9, 18 Ritsumeikan J. Peace Studies (2017), published in Japanese as ??9??????????????????????9??????????????????? (2017)?

The Legitimacy of Informal Constitutional Amendments and the ‘Reinterpretation’ of Japan’s War Powers, 40 Fordham Int’l. L.J. 427 (2017).

A Means-Methods Paradox and the Legality of Drone Strikes in Armed Conflict, 19:2 Int’l J. Human Rights 142 (2015).

Kiobel, Extraterritoriality, and the “Global War on Terrorism”, 28 Maryland J. Int’l L. 146 (2013).

Taking War Seriously: The Case for Constitutional Constraints on the Use of Force, in Compliance with International Law, 76:2  Brooklyn L. Rev. 611 (2011).

The Japanese Constitution as Law and the Legitimacy of the Supreme Court’s Constitutional Decisions: a Response to Matsui, 88 Washington Univ. L. Rev. 1527 (2011).

Glimmers of Hope: The Evolution of Equality Rights Doctrine In Japanese Courts from a Comparative Perspective, 20(2) Duke J. Comp. & Int’l L. 167 (2010).

Binding the Dogs of War: Japan and the Constitutionalizing of Jus ad Bellum, 30 Univ. Pennsylvania. J. Int’l L. 267 (2008).

Unequal Shadows: Negotiation Theory and Spousal Support Under Canadian Divorce Law, Univ. of Toronto Fac. L. Rev. (1998).

Tolofson and Flames in Cyberspace: The Changing Landscape of Multistate Defamation, Univ. British Columbia L. Rev. (1997).


Academic Writing – Book Chapters and Shorter Essays

Three Essays: “Overview of Economic Sanctions, Secondary and Targeted Sanctions, and Sanctions as Retorsions and Countermeasures, Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law (forthcoming 2024).

Climate Change and Global Security: Framing an Existential Threat, 116 American Journal of International Law: Unbound 148 (2022).

What was the International Legal Basis for the Strike on al-Zawahiri? Just Security, Aug. 9, 2022.

Geoengineering and the Use of Force, Opinio Juris, Jan. 20, 2021.

Climate Wars and Jus ad Bellum, Parts I & II, Opinio Juris, Aug. 13, 2020.

On Iranian Gunboats: Beware Conflating American and Mainstream Views of the Law, Just Security, Jun. 2, 2020.

Questions on Legality of Israeli Strikes in Iraq and Lebanon, Just Security, Sept. 9, 2019.

Japan’s Dilemma in the Persian Gulf, Australian Institute of International Affairs: Australian Outlook, Jun. 26, 2019; re-published in Opinio Juris, Jul. 5, 2019.

What are the Limits on Lawfare?, Opinio Juris, May 5, 2019.

Book Review: Destroying the Caroline: The Frontier Raid that Shaped the Right to War, Craig Forcese, The Canadian Yearbook of International Law Vol. 56 (2019).

What Role and Rules for Canada’s Armed Drones? Canadian Global Affairs Institute: Policy Perspectives, Dec. 23, 2018.

The Assumptions of Koh’s Transnational Legal Process as Counter-Strategy, Opinio Juris, Feb. 26, 2018.

Japan’s Definition of Armed Attack and ‘Bloody Nose’ Strikes on North Korea, Just Security, Feb. 1, 2018.

Laws Without Sanctions: Hate Speech Laws and the Balancing of Rights in Japan, in The Legal Process in Contemporary Japan: Its Structure and Dynamics (2017).

Jus ad Bellum Implications of Japan’s New National Security Laws, Opinio Juris, Apr. 21, 2016, revised version re-published in The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, Vol. 14, May 15, 2016.

Re-examining ‘Myths’ About Japan’s Collective Self-Defense Change, Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, Sep. 8, 2014 (with Bryce Wakefield).

A Constitutional Case for Amending Article 9, in Bryce Wakefield, ed.,  Time for a Change? Japan’s Peace Constitution at 65 (Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars, 2012) – (entire book available on-line here).

Going Medieval: Targeted Killing, Self-Defense, and the Jus ad Bellum Regime, in Claire Finkelstein et al eds., Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World (Oxford University Press, 2012).

The Case Against Revising “Interpretations” of Japan’s Constitution, The Asia Pacific Journal: Japan Focus (2007).

Coming of Age: Equality Rights and the Courts in Japan’s Aging Society, in Florian Coulmas et al eds., The Demographic Challenge: A Handbook About Japan, (Brill, 2008).


Public Media Writing

Canada’s ‘Royal Prerogative’ Allows it to Wage War Without Parliamentary Approval, The Conversation, October 24, 2022.

Ukraine Invasion: Why Canada Should Rethink its Approach to Economic Sanctions, The Conversation, March 6, 2022.

Canada’s Not Back Yet: Debating Canada’s Place in the World, A Blog Called Intrepid, Jul. 30, 2020.

The Danger in Abe’s Constitutional Amendment Proposal, The Japan Times, Aug. 5, 2019.

The Omar Khadr Settlement Reaffirms Canada’s Values, HuffPost, July 17, 2017.

Canada’s Support for U.S. Strikes on Syria Harms International Law, HuffPost, May 1, 2017.

Questioning US Support for Japan’s National Security Moves , JURIST – Forum, September 2, 2015.

Media Should Stop Legitimizing Abe’s Article 9 ‘Reinterpretation’, The Japan Times, Jun. 13, 2015.

Time to Kill the Term ‘Officer-Involved Shooting’, Huffington Post, May 26, 2015.

The Kansas Education Funding Case and Constitutional Democracy, Huffington Post, Jan. 16, 2015 (with John Rury).

‘Reinterpretation’ of Article 9 Endangers Japanese Rule of Law, The Japan Times, Jun. 28, 2014.

When Should We Violate International Law in Order to Enforce It?, Huffington Post, Sep. 9, 2013.

International Law and U.S. Military Strikes on Syria, Huffington Post, Aug. 31, 2013 and in The Truman Doctrine Blog, Sep. 3, 2013.

Boston and the Dangerous Calls for “Enemy Combatant” Status, Huffington Post, Apr. 30, 2013, and in The Truman Doctrine Blog, Apr. 30, 2013.

Why Japan Should Amend its War-Renouncing Article 9, The Japan Times, Aug. 4, 2012, and in Comparative Constitutions Blog, Aug. 14, 2012.

The Law and Congressional Red-Lines On Iranian Nuclear Talks, The Truman Doctrine blog, July 11, 2012.

LDP’s Dangerous Proposals for Amending Anti-war Article, The Japan Times, June 6, 2012, and in Comparative Constitutions blog, June 11, 2012.

Comments on Jens Ohlin’s ‘Targeting Co-Belligerents’ in Opinio Juris Targeted Killing book symposium Opinio Juris, June 4, 2012.

Obama Administration Fails to Address Legality of Targeted Killing, The Truman Doctrine blog, May 30, 2012.

Why We Should Not Support an Israeli Attack on Iran, The Huffington Post (Canada), March 2, 2012.

Debating Canada’s Role and Objectives in Libya, The Huffington Post (Canada), June 13, 2011,

The Fallacies of the Torture Debate, The Huffington Post, May 19, 2011.

The Legal Implications of Military Intervention in Libya, The Huffington Post, Mar. 2, 2011.

New START is About More Than Russia, The Huffington Post, Dec. 15, 2010.

Japan’s Leadership Test in Sri Lanka, The Japan Times, Dec. 2, 2010.

Japan is Failing in Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice Blog, Nov. 10, 2010.

It’s Wrong to Backpedal on Nonnuclear Principles, The Japan Times, Aug. 18, 2010.

Time to Scrap “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell”,, Feb. 12, 2010.

The Use of Force and International Law: The Void in American Discourse, Progressive Fix, Dec. 24, 2009.

Debate Afghan War Goals, Then Select Strategy (with Adnan Zulfiqar), The Japan Times, Nov. 2009.

Climate Insecurity, The Baltimore Sun, Sept. 10, 2009.

A Turning Point in Japan for the Right to Equality?, The Japan Times, Jun. 2009 and in

Piracy and the Constitution, The Japan Times, Mar. 2009; and in J@pan Inc., Mar. 2009.

The Fatal Flaw in Trying to Impose a New Interpretation on Article 9, The Japan Times, Oct. 2008.

Japan Opens the Way for Military Use of Outer Space, Foreign Policy Digest, Jun. 2008.

Permanent SDF Overseas Deployment Law Endangers Democracy, The Japan Times, May 2008.

Rule of Law Comes Under Fire: Gov’t Response to High Court Ruling on SDF Ops in Iraq, The Japan Times, May 2008.

Establish Limits on Naval Support to U.S.: Lessons from Canada, The Japan Times, Jan. 2008.

Japan’s Antiterrorism Special Measures Law and Confusion Over U.N. Authority, The Japan Times, Oct. 2007.

Collective self-defense and collective security: what the differences mean for Japan, The Japan Times, Aug. 2007.

Who Will Defend Japan’s Constitution? The Japan Times, Apr. 2007.